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کدام نسخه Sharepoint برای شما مناست است؟

به دلیل عدم وجود قوانین کپی رایت و تقریباً رایگان بودن نرم افزار بزرگ و گران قیمتی مانند Sharepoint در ایران، در چند ساله گذشته دیدم که سازمان ها تقریباً در همه موارد اقدام به نصب بالاترین نسخه شیرپوینت کرده اند و به هیچ وجه به نسخه های پایینتر حتی به عنوان یک انتخاب نگاه نکردن! و شاید این به خاطر عدم اطلاع از بعضی مزیت های نسخه پایینتر در صورت واجد شرایط بودن بوده است.

برای نمونه در جدیدترین شیرپوینت مایکروسافت یعنی SharePoint 2013  نسخه های موجود اینها هستن:
SharePoint Foundation
SharePoint Server Standard
SharePoint Server Enterprise
* البته بسته های دیگری هم تحت عنوان SharePoint Online service در مجموعه Office 365 وجود دارند که به علت بستر اینترنتی فوق العاده سریع ایران عملاً و فارغ از مشکلات دیگه غیر قابل استفاده هستند!

جدول پایین ویژگی های نسخه های مختلف رو لیست کرده، که پیشنهاد میکنم قبل از اقدام به نصب SharePoint این جدول رو بررسی کرده و ببینید کدام نسخه نیازهای شما رو جواب میده و اقدام به نصب همان نسخه بکنید. بیشتر وقت های سرویس ها و ویژگی های بیشتر فقط منجر به هزینه اضافه برای منابع سخت افزاری و همچنین هزینه نگهداری بیشتر میشه و فایده دیگری نداره. (گاهی ایجاد دردسر هم خواهد کرد)

یا حتی در مورد سرویس ها و ویژگی های همان نسخه ای که نصب کردید الزامی برای فعال کردن همه آنها وجود ندارد. و حتی بعضی از سرویس های که پیش فرض فعال هستند رو هم شما میتونید غیرفعال کنید. البته در صورتی که نیازی به آن ندارید.

مثلاً در سازمانی دیدم شرایطشان طوری بود که واقعاً هیچ استفاده ای از سرویس های Search نمیکردن ولی تمام ویژگی هاش رو در سنگینتر حالت ممکن config کرده بودن. و همه اینها در حالی بود که سرور ضعیفی رو هم به کل SharePoint اختصاص داده بودن و این باعث کند شدن سیستم شده بود.

سرویس بسیار پر کاربرد Search فقط یک مثال بود، و ویژگی های بسیار زیاد، و ریز و درشتی وجود دارند که شما ممکنه هیچ استفاده ازش نکنید.

 

* لیست وِیژگی های SharePoint 2013
(مشابه این لیست رو برای نسخه های قبلی هم در اینترنت میتوانید پیدا کنید.)

Developer features SharePoint
Foundation
SharePoint
Server 2013
Standard CAL
SharePoint
Server 2013
Enterprise CAL

Access Services

No

No

Yes

App Catalog (SharePoint)

No

Yes

Yes

App Deployment: Autohosted Apps

No

No

No

App Deployment: Cloud-Hosted Apps

No

Yes

Yes

App Deployment: SharePoint-Hosted Apps

No

Yes

Yes

App Management Services

No

Yes

Yes

BCS: Alerts for External Lists

No

Yes

Yes

BCS: App Scoped External Content Types (ECTs)

No

Yes

Yes

BCS: Business Data Webparts

No

Yes

Yes

BCS: External List

Yes

Yes

Yes

BCS: OData connector

No

Yes

Yes

BCS: Profile Pages

No

Yes

Yes

BCS: Rich Client Integration

No

No

Yes

BCS: Secure Store Service

Yes

Yes

Yes

BCS: Tenant-level external data log

No

No

Yes

Browser-based customizations

Yes

Yes

Yes

Client Object Model (OM)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Client-side rendering (CSR)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Custom Site Definitions

No

Yes

Yes

Custom Site Provisioning

No

No

Yes

Developer Site

No

No

No

Forms Based Applications

No

Yes

Yes

Full-Trust Solutions

Yes

Yes

Yes

InfoPath Forms Services

No

No

Yes

JavaScript Object Model

Yes

Yes

Yes

List and Library APIs

Yes

Yes

Yes

Remote Event Receiver

Yes

Yes

Yes

REST API

Yes

Yes

Yes

Sandboxed Solutions

Yes

Yes

Yes

SharePoint Design Manager

No

Yes

Yes

SharePoint Designer

Yes

Yes

Yes

SharePoint Store

Yes

Yes

Yes

Workflow 2010 (.NET 3.5)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Workflow 2010 (out of the box)

No

Yes

Yes

Workflow 2013

No

Yes

Yes

Workload API: ECM APIs

No

Yes

Yes

Workload API: Search APIs

Yes

Yes

Yes

Workload API: Social APIs

No

Yes

Yes

IT Professional features

SharePoint

oundation

SharePoint

Server 2013

Standard CAL

SharePoint

Server 2013
Enterprise CAL

Active Directory Synchronization

Yes

Yes

Yes

Alternate Access Mapping (AAM)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Analytics Platform

No

No

Yes

Claims-Based Authentication Support

Yes

Yes

Yes

Configuration Wizards

No

Yes

Yes

Deferred Site Collection upgrade

Yes

Yes

Yes

Distributed Cache

Yes

Yes

Yes

Host Header Site Collections

Yes

Yes

Yes

Improved Permissions Management

Yes

Yes

Yes

Improved Self-Service Site Creation

No

Yes

Yes

Managed Accounts

Yes

Yes

Yes

Minimal Download Strategy (MDS)

Yes

Yes

Yes

OAuth

No

Yes

Yes

Patch Management

Yes

Yes

Yes

Quota Templates

Yes

Yes

Yes

Read-Only Database Support

Yes

Yes

Yes

Remote Blog Storage

Yes

Yes

Yes

Request Management

Yes

Yes

Yes

Request throttling

Yes

Yes

Yes

Resource throttling

Yes

Yes

Yes

Service Application Platform

Yes

Yes

Yes

SharePoint Health Analyzer

Yes

Yes

Yes

SharePoint admin center

No

No

No

Shredded Storage

Yes

Yes

Yes

Site Collection Compliance Policies

No

Yes

Yes

Site Collection Health Checks

Yes

Yes

Yes

State Service

Yes

Yes

Yes

Streamlined Central Administration

Yes

Yes

Yes

System Status Notifications

Yes

Yes

Yes

Unattached Content Database Recovery

Yes

Yes

Yes

Upgrade evaluation site collections

Yes

Yes

Yes

Usage Reporting and Logging

Yes

Yes

Yes

Windows PowerShell Support

Yes

Yes

Yes

Content features

SharePoint

Foundation

SharePoint

Server 2013

Standard CAL

SharePoint

Server 2013

Enterprise CAL

Accessibility Standards Support

Yes

Yes

Yes

Asset Library Enhancements/Video Support

Yes

Yes

Yes

Auditing

No

Yes

Yes

Auditing & Reporting (e.g. doc edits, policy edits, deletes)

No

Yes

Yes

Auditing of View Events

No

Yes

Yes

Content Organizer

No

Yes

Yes

Design Manager

Yes

Yes

Yes

Document Sets

No

Yes

Yes

Document Translation in Word Web App

Yes1

Yes1

Yes1

eDiscovery

No

No

Yes

External Sharing: External Access

No

No

No

External Sharing: Guest Link

No

No

No

Folder Sync

No

Yes

Yes

IRM using Windows Azure AD Rights Management

No

No

No

IRM using Windows Server AD RMS

Yes3

Yes3

Yes3

In-Place Hold

Yes

Yes

Yes

Managed Metadata Service

No

Yes

Yes

Metadata-driven Navigation

No

Yes

Yes

Multi-stage Disposition

No

Yes

Yes

Office ProPlus (Osub)

No

No

No

Office Web Apps (edit)

Yes1

Yes1

Yes1

Office Web Apps (view)

Yes1

Yes1

Yes1

Office Web Apps Server integration

Yes

Yes

Yes

PowerPoint Automation Services

No

Yes

Yes

Preservation hold library

No

No

Yes

Quick Edit

Yes

Yes

Yes

Records management

No

Yes

yes

Recycle Bin (SharePoint admin center)

No

No

No

Recycle Bin (site collection)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Related Items

Yes

Yes

Yes

Rich Media Management

No

Yes

Yes

Shared Content Types

No

Yes

Yes

SharePoint Translation Services

Yes

Yes

Yes

Site mailbox

No

Yes2

Yes2

Surveys

No

Yes1

Yes1

Unique Document IDs

No

Yes

Yes

Video Search

No

No

Yes

WCM: Analytics

No

Yes

Yes

WCM: Catalog

No

No

Yes

WCM: Cross-site publishing

No

No

Yes

WCM: Designer Tools

No

Yes

Yes

WCM: Faceted navigation

No

No

Yes

WCM: Image Renditions

No

No

Yes

WCM: Mobile and Device Rendering

No

Yes

Yes

WCM: Multiple Domains

No

No

Yes

WCM: OOTB Recommendations Webparts

No

Yes

Yes

WCM: Search Engine Optimizations (SEO)

No

Yes

Yes

WCM: Topic Pages

No

No

Yes

Word Automation Services

No

Yes

Yes

Insights features

SharePoint

Foundation

SharePoint

Server 2013
Standard CAL

SharePoint

Server 2013
Enterprise CAL

Business Intelligence Center

No

No

Yes

Calculated Measures and Members

No

No

Yes

Data Connection Library

No

No

Yes

Decoupled PivotTables and PivotCharts

No

No

Yes

Excel Services

No

No

Yes

Field list and Field Support

No

No

Yes

Filter Enhancements

No

No

Yes

Filter Search

No

No

Yes

PerformancePoint Services

No

No

Yes

PerformancePoint Services (PPS) Dashboard Migration

No

No

Yes

Power View

No

No

Yes

PowerPivot

No

No

Yes

Quick Explore

No

No

Yes

Scorecards & Dashboards

No

No

Yes

SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS) Integrated Mode

Yes

No

Yes

Timeline Slicer

No

No

Yes

Visio Services

No

No

Yes

Search features

SharePoint
Foundation

SharePoint

Server 2013
Standard CAL

SharePoint

Server 2013
Enterprise CAL

Advanced Content Processing

Yes

Yes

Yes

Content Search Web Part

No

No

Yes

Continuous crawl

Yes

Yes

Yes

Custom entity extraction

No

No

Yes

Deep links

No

Yes

Yes

Event-based relevancy

No

Yes

Yes

Expertise Search

Yes

Yes

Yes

Extensible content processing

No

No

Yes

Graphical refiners

No

Yes

Yes

Hybrid search

Yes

Yes

Yes

Managed navigation

No

Yes

Yes

On-premises search index

Yes

Yes

Yes

Phonetic name matching

Yes

Yes

Yes

Query rules—Add promoted results

No

Yes

Yes

Query rules—advanced actions

No

No

Yes

Query spelling correction

Yes

Yes

Yes

Query suggestions

No

Yes

Yes

Query throttling

No

Yes

Yes

Quick preview

Yes

Yes

Yes

Recommendations

No

Yes

Yes

Refiners

Yes

Yes

Yes

RESTful Query API/Query OM

Yes

Yes

Yes

Result sources

Yes

Yes

Yes

Search connector framework

No

Yes

Yes

Search results sorting

Yes

Yes

Yes

Search vertical: “Conversations”

No

Yes

Yes

Search vertical: “People”

No

Yes

Yes

Search vertical: “Video”

No

No

Yes

Tunable Relevancy

No

No

Yes

Sites features

SharePoint

Foundation

SharePoint

Server 2013
Standard CAL

SharePoint

Server 2013
Enterprise CAL

Change the look

Yes

Yes

Yes

Connections to Microsoft Office Clients

Yes

Yes

Yes

Cross Browser Support

Yes

Yes

Yes

Custom Managed Paths

Yes

Yes

Yes

Governance

Yes

Yes

Yes

Large List Scalability and Management

Yes

Yes

Yes

Mobile Connectivity

Yes

Yes

Yes

Multi-Lingual User Interface

Yes

Yes

Yes

My Tasks

Yes

Yes

Yes

OOTB Web Parts

Yes

Yes

Yes

Permissions Management

Yes

Yes

Yes

Project functionality for team sites

Yes

Yes

Yes

Project site template

Yes

Yes

Yes

Project Summary web part

Yes

Yes

Yes

Project workspace

Yes

Yes

Yes

Public Website (SPO)

No

No

No

SharePoint Lists

Yes

Yes

Yes

SharePoint Ribbon

Yes

Yes

Yes

Task list

Yes

Yes

Yes

Team Site: Drag & Drop

Yes

Yes

Yes

Team Site: Notebook

Yes

Yes

Yes

Team Site: Simplified Access

Yes

Yes

Yes

Templates

Yes

Yes

Yes

Themes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Variations

No

Yes

Yes

Usage Analytics

Yes

Yes

Yes

Work Management Service

Yes

Yes

Yes

Social features

SharePoint

Foundation

SharePoint

Server 2013
Standard CAL

SharePoint

Server 2013
Enterprise CAL

Ask Me About

No

Yes

Yes

Blogs

Yes

Yes

Yes

Communities Reputation, Badging, and Moderation

No

Yes

Yes

Community

Yes

Yes

Yes

Company Feed

Yes

Yes

Yes

Follow

No

Yes

Yes

Microblogging

No

Yes

Yes

Newsfeed

No

Yes

Yes

One Click Sharing

No

Yes

Yes

People, Sites, Document Recommendations

No

Yes

Yes

Personal Site

No

Yes

Yes

Photos and Presence

Yes

Yes

Yes

Profile

No

Yes

Yes

Ratings

No

Yes

Yes

Site Feed

Yes

Yes

Yes

Skydrive Pro

No

Yes

Yes

Tag profiles

No

Yes

Yes

Tasks integrated with Outlook

No

Yes

Yes

Trending Tags

No

Yes

Yes

Wikis

Yes

Yes

Yes

Add-Ons

SharePoint

Foundation

SharePoint

Server 2013
Standard CAL

SharePoint

Server 2013
Enterprise CAL

Additional Storage

No

No

No

Azure Provisioned Apps: Access Services

No

No

No

Azure Provisioned Apps: Custom Code in Azure LWR

No

No

No

Duet Online

No

No

No

1 Requires connection to Office Web Apps Server 2013 and an Office desktop suite license, such as Office Professional Plus or Office Standard.

2 Requires connection to Microsoft Exchange Server or Microsoft Exchange Online to enable integrated features.

3 Windows Server AD RMS is an on-premises server that must be purchased and managed separately by the customer in order to enable supported IRM features.

منبع جدول: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj819267.aspx

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